体彩排列5质合遗漏

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复合防腐保温管道低温补口研究及应用

2019-05-13 17:17:20

中俄原油管道工程漠河至大庆段是在高纬度高寒地区敷设的口径大、地质条件复杂、环保要求高的输油管道工程。在大兴安岭地区,管道埋地穿越108km永冻土层。冻土结构复杂多变、土质坚硬富冰,易受外界干扰,稳定性较差。普通防腐管道穿越,因放热易导致冻土融沉、冻胀、管道翘曲,威肋、管道运行。沿途原始森林区生态系统脆弱,防火级别高。

YINCI,YONGDONGTUQUZHUTIGONGCHENGXUANZEZAI2009NIANDONGJIKAISHISHIGONG,JIAODIHUANJINGWENDU-52℃。YINCICAIYONGLEDAKOUJING3PEFANGFUCENGYIPUBAOWENYIPEFANGHUCENGFUHEBAOWENGUANDAOXINXINGJIEGOU。

YINGXIANGMAIDIGUANDAOSHIYONGSHOUMINGDEYINSUZHUYAOBAOKUO:CHANPINDEKEKAOXINGHEWENDINGXING,SHIGONGGONGYIDEHELIXINGHEXIANJINXING,BUKOU(HUOBUSHANG)XIANGRONGXINGHEWANZHENGXING。JIUFUHEFANGFUBAOWENGUANDAOERYAN,QUEBAOTUCENGLIANXUWANZHENG,BAOWENCENGYITIWUFENG,YIJIFANGHUCENGCAIZHIYIZHI,SHIYANZHANGFUHEGUANDAOSHIYONGSHOUMINGDEJISHUGUANJIAN。

2008NIAN,DAQINGYOUTIANKAIZHANLEDUOXIANGZHONGDAJISHUGONGGUAN,JIEJUELEFUHEBAOWENGUANDAODIWENBUKOUJIEGOUJIBUKOUGONGYIJISHUNANTI,WEIMODAXIANGONGCHENG、WANCHENG,TIGONGLEJISHUBAOZHANG。

体彩排列5质合遗漏1   MAIDIGUANDAOBUKOUJISHUXIANZHUANG

   ZHANGSHUGUANDAOFENWEIFANGFUXINGHEBAOWENXING。CHANGJIANDEFANGFUXINGBAOKUO:SHIYOULIQINGGUAN、HUANYANGMEILIQINGGUAN、MEIJIAOYOUCIQIFANGFUGUAN、(DANCENGJIAHOU、SHUANGCENG)RONGJIEHUANYANGFENMO(FBE)FANGFUGUAN、JUYIXIFANGFUCENG(2PE,3PE)FANGFUGUAN、JUBINGXI(3PP)FANGFUGUANDENG,TEBIESHI3PEFANGFUGUANZAIOUZHOUPUBIANCAIYONG。

体彩排列5质合遗漏3PEFANGFUGUANXIANCHANGBUKOUCAIYONGYETIHUANYANGTULIAOWAIFUJIAOLIANJUYIXIRESHOUSUOTAO(DAI),TONGGUOHUOYANJIAREQIHUOZHONGPINJIAREQIDUIBUKOUBUWEIYURE、HONGKAO,SHISHOUSUOTAO(DAI)YUGUANTIJINMIJIEHE。CHANGJIANDEBAOWENXINGBAOKUOYANMIAN、JUANKUPAOMOBAOWENGUAN(PU),QIZHONGJUANKUPAOMOBAOWENGUANYINGYONGPUBIAN。

DANCHUNDEBAOWENCENG,BUZUYIDIYUKONGQI、YUSHUIDENGQINSHI,YINCIGONGCHENGSHANGWEIQUEBAOBAOWENJIEGOUDEKEKAOXINGHEYOUXIAOXING,   JUNCAIYONGLEWANZHENGDEBAOWENJIEGOUXINGSHI:GANGCAIYIFANGFUCENGYIBAOWENCENGYIFANGSHUIBAOHUCENG。YUFANGFUGUANDAOBUKOUGONGXUXIANGTONG,ZAIBUKOUSHIGONGQIAN,DUIBUKOUBUWEIGANGGUANBIAOMIANPENSHACHULI,ZHILIANGDADAOSatJI。BAOWENCENGBUKOUCHENGXU:FANGFUCENGBUKOUYIBAOWENCENGBUKOUYIFANGHUCENGBUKOU。MUQIANGONGCHENGSHANGBAOWENGUANBUKOUDEZHUCAIYOU:RESHOUSUOTAO(DAI)、JUYIXILENGCHANDAIHUODIANRERONGTAODENG。

FANGFUBAOWENGUANDAOBUKOUJIEGOUDUIYANZHANGGUANDAOSHIYONGSHOUMINGZHIGUANZHONGYAO。GUANDAOFUSHIJUEDADUOSHUSHIYOUYUBUKOUSHIXIAOJINSHUIYINQIDE,GUOWAIFANGFUJIERENWEI,QUEBAOGUANDAOBUKOUCHUYITIWUFENGSHIGUANJIANSUOZAI。YINCI,GUANDAOBUKOUJIEGOUDEZONGYAOQIUSHI:BUKOUCAILIAOJIJIEGOUYINGYUGUANDAOBENTITONGCAIZHI;BUKOUJIBUSHANGCHUDENGJIZHILIANGBUDIYUBENTI;DANGCAIYONGQITAJIEGOUXINGSHIBUKOUSHI,FANGFUBAOWENDENGJIJIZHILIANGYINGBUDIYUCHENGPINGUANDEFANGFUBAOWENCENGZHIBIAOYAOQIU。SHANGSHUCHANGJIANJIEGOUJISHIGONGFANGFADOUSHIJIYUYIZHONGTIAOJIAN,JICHANGWENFANGFUBAOWENCAILIAOZAICHANGWENXIASHIGONG。

2MODAXIANFUHEFANGFUBAOWENGUANDAOBUKOUJISHUYAOQIU

2.1JISHUNANDIAN

MODAXIANDICHUGAOHANDIQU,DONGJISHIGONGDEHUANJINGTIAOJIAN、BUKOUCAILIAO、BUKOUJIEGOU、BUKOUGONGYIMIANLINDEBULIYINSUBAOKUO:HANLENGDIQUDETESHUHUANJING,DONGJIPINGJUNQIWEN-30℃,JIDUANWENDU-45℃,XIANGDUISHIDU60%YI85%,FENGSUJIAOXIAO3m/s,PINGJUN7.8m/s,YEWAIZHANGSHIJIANZUOYEKUNNANDA;GANGGUANYUJUYIXIWULITEXINGBUTONG,GANGCAIREPENGZHANGXISHUYUJUYIXIXIANGCHAHENDA;DIWENZHUANGTAIGUANXIANDUISHIGONGXIANZHI,DIWENSHOUSUOJIYAYINGLI、JIAREPENGZHANGREYINGLIZAOCHENGKAIJIAO;DIWENYEHUAQIHUOBINGWANQIBU   RANSHAOCHANSHENGJIETAN,HONGKAORELIANGSUNSHI,JIAREBUJUNYUN;DIWENZHUANGTAIDUIBUKOUCAILIAODEYINGXIANGHENDA,HUANYANGDIQIZAIDIWENZHUANGTAIXIACHUYUGAOJINGCHOUZHUANGTAI,NANJIAOBAN、GUHUAMAN,RESUODAIDIWENJIANYING、LENGCUI,HUOYANHONGKAOBUJUNYUNSHOURE,YICHUXIANQIAOBIAN、QIZHE。

2.2JIEJUEFANGAN

GUANDAODIWENBUKOUZAI   SHANGWUCHENGSHUJINGYANJIEJIAN,CHANGGUIDECAOZUOGUICHENGHEFANGFABINGBUSHIYONG。CAIYONGDIWENZHANDANTIDAIHEFANGFUGAOXINCAILIAOFANGSHUIMIFENG,YUZHIBAOWENWAKUAI、JUBINGXIWAIHUDAIBUQIANGXINJIEGOU,YANJIUZHONGPINGANYINGJIAREQUXIAOMINGHUOXINGONGYI,JIEJUELEBUKOUNANTI。

2.3DIWENGUANDAOBUKOUJIEGOU

体彩排列5质合遗漏GENJUBIAOZHUNGUANYUTONGCAIZHI、TONGJIEGOUDEBUKOUYAOQIU,CHANGGUIDEFANGFUBAOWENGUANBUKOUJIEGOUYIBANWEI:GANGGUANYIHUANYANGDIQIYIRESUOTAOYIJUANKUPAOMOYIDIANRERONGTAOXIU。ZHENDUICAILIAOZHANJIELISHOUDIWENYINGXIANG,FUTUHOUJIEKOUCHUREZHANGLENGSUOKENENGCHANSHENGJIEFENGLIEWENSHENSHUIDENGWENTI,TICHULEYIXIAXINDEBUKOUJIEGOU:GUTIHUANYANGTULIAO(DADI)YIZHANDANTIFANGFUJIAODAI(JIAQIANG)YIJUANKUBAOWENWAKUAI(BAOWEN)YIDIANRERONGBUKOUTAOXIU(RERONGZHANJIE)YIZHANDANTIFANGFUGAO(MIFENGFANGSHUI)YIJUBINGXIWAIHUDAI(JIAQIANGFANGHU)。

TEDIANSHIFANGFUCENGZHANJIELIQIANG,BAOWENWAJIEGOUWANZHENG,WAIHUCENGTONGCAIZHI,JIEFENGCHUGUODUBUQIANG,DIWENBUKOU,MIFENGWANZHENGWUSHENLOU。BAOWENBUKOUJIEGOU。

2.4YOUXUANDIWENBUKOUCAILIAOJIZHANJIEJISHU

体彩排列5质合遗漏ANZHAOFENCENGBUKOUYUANZE,JIEKOUCHUBUKOUBAOKUODICENG3PEBUKOUHEBAOWENCENGBUKOU。   CHANGWENDEBUKOUCAILIAOBAOKUO:HUANYANGDIQI、RESUOTAO(DAI)、XIANCHANGGUANZHUFAPAO、DIANRERONGTAO。JINGGUOFANFUDIAOYANBINGSHIYAN,CAIYONGLEYIXIAXINCAILIAO、XINJISHU。

(1)SHUANGZUFENGUTIHUANYANGTULIAODAITIYUANHUANYANGDIQITULIAO,KEDIWENTUSHUA,DIWENGUHUASUDUKUAI,YUGANGGUANDICENGZHEGAILV100%;

体彩排列5质合遗漏(2)ZHANDANTIFANGFUJIAODAIDAITILEYUANRESUOTAO(DAI)FANGFU,DIWENWUHONGKAOZHANJIE,JIANCEZHANJIEQIANGDUDAYU50N/cmMANZUXUYAO;

(3)JUANKUPAOMOWAKUAIDAITIXIANCHANGKOUMOFAPAO,GONGCHANGYUZHIDEDINGXINGJUANKUBAOWENWAZAIXIANCHANGKOUJIE,SUODUANXIANCHANGSHIGONGSHIJIAN;

体彩排列5质合遗漏(4)JUBINGXIDAIQUDAIJUYIXIDAI,CAIYONGJUBINGXIDAIZHANJIEZAIJUYIXIWAIHUGUANHERERONGTAODEWAIBIAOMIAN,SHIXIANJIEFENGQIANGDUBAOHU。

2.5DIWENGUANDAOBUKOUCAOZUOGONGYIJISHU

2.5.1BUKOUGONGYILIUCHENG

JIEKOUZHONGPINGANYINGQIYUREYIPENSHACHUXIUYIYUANHONGWAIYUREYIJUYIXIDAMAOYIZHANDANTIDAIBUKOUYIJUANKUQIAOZHANJIEYIWAIHUGUANJUBUJIXIEDAMAOYITAOXIURONGHEHANYIHUANFENGXISHENGTAOBUQIANGYIZHONGPINJIARE。

体彩排列5质合遗漏2.5.2ZHUYAOJISHUYAODIAN

体彩排列5质合遗漏XINDEBUKOUJIEGOU,JIAODAXIANDUDIMANZULEDIWENHUANJINGDECAOZUOXUQIU。WEIDADAOSHIGONGXIANCHANGQUANTIANHOUCAOZUODEGONGYIBAOZHANGTIAOJIAN,ZAICHANGGUICAOZUOJICHUSHANG,SHISHIYIXIAJISHUCUOSHI:

(1)GUANKOUQINGLI、PENSHACHUXIU:GAOHANDIQUDONGJIGUANKOUFANGFUQIANXIANYONGZHONGPINJIAREQIDUIGUANKOUJINXINGJIARE、CHUSHUANGGANZAO,RANHOUXUNSUJINXINGPENSHA、CHUXIU、GUANKOUQINGJIEJIZAIJIARE,JIAREWENDUKONGZHIZAI115℃YIXIA。

体彩排列5质合遗漏(2)BAOWENBUKOUCHULIQUYUMIFENG、BIAOMIANCHULI:YONGSULIAOMOHEJIAODAIJIANGPENSHACHUXIUCHULIHOUDEBUKOUQUYUMIFENG,ZHURUQITICHULIJI15minYIHOU,YONGWEIQICHULIZHUANGZHICHOUCHUMIFENGQUNEIDEQITI,CHUQUMIFENGMOHEJIAODAI。

(3)ZHANDANTIDAIBUKOU:ZIGUANTISHANGBUXIANGXIACHANRAO,ZHANGLISHIDU,BIANCHANRAOBIANYONGXIANGJIAOGUNKAIYAJIAODAI,BAOCHIPINGZHENG,SHIQIYUGUANTIMIFENGLIANGHAO。CHANRAOBUWEIGUANTIWENDUYINGGAOYUYI30℃,YIBAOZHENGZHANJIELIMANZUYAOQIU。

(4)ANZHUANGJUANKUFAPAOBAOWENWAKUAI:XIANCHANGPINZHUANGYUZHIDEJUANKUFAPAOBAOWENWAKUAI,GENJUBUKOUBUWEIDEXINGZHUANGJICHICUNXIUZHENGWAKUAI,YONGKUNBANGDAIJINGU,ZAIYONGBAOZHUANGDAIKUNBANG。

(5)ANZHUANGRERONGBUKOUTAO:QINGLIRERONGBUKOUTAOANZHUANGBUWEI,JIANGQITUIZHIDAOBUKOUBUWEI,HANKOUWEIZHIWEIYUBUKOUTAOZHENGZHONG,YONGKUNBANGDAIGUDINGRERONGBUKOUTAO,DAJIEBUWEISHIYONGGANGBANJINXINGXIAOZHENGYASHI,QUEBAORERONGBUWEIWUKONGXI,TONGDIANJINXINGDIANRERONG,RERONGHOUSHIYA,JIANCEQIYANMIXING,SHIYANSHIJIANWEI30s,BUXIEYA、YANMIWEIHEGE。

MEIDAOBUKOU6DAOGONGXU,16GESHIGONGBUZHOU,BUKOUHOUJINXINGQIMIXINGJIANYAN,DIWENZHANJIEQIANGDU、DIWENLASHENQIANGDUCESHIJUNHEGE,BUKOUZHILIANGHEGELV100%oMODAXIANYUNXINGSHIJIANBIAOMING,GAIBUKOUJIEGOUJIGONGYIJISHUMANZUYONGDONGTUDIQUTESHUDILITIAOJIANHEDIZHIHUANJINGYAOQIU。

GAOWEIDUGAOHANDIQUFUHEFANGFUBAOWENGUANDAOFENCENGBUKOUHEHUANFENGBUQIANGJIEGOUFUHEBAOWENGUANDAOBUKOUJIEGOUYUGUANTITONGCAIZHIDEJIBENYAOQIU。ZHANDANTIFANGFUDAI、ZHANDANTIFANGFUGAO、JUANKUBAOWENWAKUAIYIJIJUBINGXIBUQIANGDAIXINCAILIAOYINGYONG,JIEJUELEFUHEGUANDIWENBUKOUSHIGONGJISHUNANTI。WUMINGHUOZHONGPINGANYINGYUREHEJIARE、YUCHULIBIAOMIANJUBUMIBI,FUHEDAXINGANLINGDIQUSHIGONGHUANBAOJIBENYAOQIU,TIGAOLEZHANJIEZHILIANGHEGONGYISHUIPING。GAIGONGYIJISHUDEYANJIUCHENGGONG,TUIDONGLEGUONEIGUANDAOSHIGONGJISHUFAZHAN,DUIJINHOULEISIGUANDAOGONGCHENGJIANSHEJUYOUJIEJIANZUOYONG。